The Spanish Requirement of was a document and declaration which divinely ordained the right to colonize the territories of the New World by force, if necessary, in the name of the Catholic Church.
In some instances, it was read to barren beaches and empty villages long after the indigenous people and communities had left, to prisoners after they were captured, and even from the decks of ships once they had just spotted the coast.
He had made a name for himself by promoting an axiom popular in the Spain of his day. It was really just a simple—give up, convert, or we will kill you. And, besides this, their Highnesses award you many privileges and exemptions and will grant you many benefits. Peter as the Lord of the world, in the dignity and seat which I have before mentioned, made donation of these isles and Tierra-firme to the aforesaid King and Queen and to their successors, our lords, with all that there are in these territories, as is contained in Requirimiento 1514 writings which passed upon the subject as aforesaid, which you can see if you wish.
Of all these nations God our Lord gave charge to one man, called St. If you do so, you will do well, and that which you are obliged to do to their Highnesses, and we in their name shall receive you in all love and charity, and shall leave you your wives, and your children, and your lands, free without servitude, that you may do with them and with yourselves freely that which you like and think best, and they shall not compel you to turn Christians, unless you yourselves, when informed of the truth, should wish to be converted to our Holy Catholic Faith, as almost all the inhabitants of the rest of the islands have done.
Were the "Amistads" murders. Before striking the first blow he must make his intentions known. The state was authorized Requirimiento 1514 enforce submission, by war if necessary. The Spanish Requirement, issued in the names of King Ferdinand and Queen Juana, his daughter, was a mixture of religious and legal justifications for the confiscation of New World territories and the subjugation of their inhabitants.
The men who lived in that time obeyed that St. One of these pontiffs, who succeeded St. Of all these nations Requirimiento 1514 our Lord gave charge to one man, called St. At the time, it was believed that Native Americans resisted conquest and conversion for one of two reasons: Because of its potential to support the enrichment of the Spanish royal coffers, the Requerimiento was not generally questioned until the Spanish crown had abolished its use in It granted Afonso V of Portugal the right to reduce any "Saracens, pagans and any other unbelievers" to hereditary slavery.
And that we have said this to you and made this Requisition, we request the notary here present to give us his testimony in writing, and we ask the rest who are present that they should be witnesses of this Requisition.
More particularly, Catholic theology held that spiritual salvation took precedence over temporal and civil concerns. And by a nation that is most humane, and excels in every sort of virtue. However, none of the laws stopped the abuse; few were charged with illegal exploitation, and punishment was rare.
It granted Afonso V of Portugal the right to reduce any "Saracens, pagans and any other unbelievers" to hereditary slavery. Coming shortly after the Reconquest, the realization of a centuries-long dream by Christians in Spain, the discovery, and colonization of the New World was directly affected by religious and political conditions in a now-unified Iberian Peninsula.
The treatment of the Native Americans was at first rationalized on the grounds that they were cannibals; any means of subjugation were acceptable. More particularly, Catholic theology held that spiritual salvation took precedence over temporal and civil concerns.
Of all these nations God our Lord gave charge to one man, called St. Inthe king and queen again sought advice; the Native Americans were declared to be "free vassals".
Moreover, since the native population was non-Christian, the Europeans' Christian religion conferred upon them the right and indeed the obligation to take possession of the lands and the people in the name of God and the throne. It was held in the city of Valladolid in the year AD. Similar legislation was adopted by the Junta of Valladolid in and the Junta of Madrid in The true nature of the Spanish Requirement, however, was one of absolution; the symbolic act of reading the document relieved the crown and its agents from legal and moral responsibility for the conquest, enslavement and killing of Native Americans.
So their Highnesses are kings and lords of these islands and land of Tierra-firme by virtue of this donation: Europeans justified it with the view that natives were not Christian, particularly after witnessing the mass human sacrifices conducted by the Aztecs and the lack of traditional European civilization made natives seem savage and not deserving to possess the New World.
As it came to be used, the mere reading of the document — in what would have been incomprehensible Spanish, sometimes to sleeping villages, often out of earshot of the intended hearers — was intended and supposed to exonerate the invading conquistadors for any harm done to their victims in the course of attacking them.
The men who lived in that time obeyed that St. Peter as Lord of the world, in the dignity and seat which I have before mentioned, made donation of these isles and Tierra-firme to the aforesaid King and Queen and to their successors, our lords, with all that there are in these territories, as is contained in certain writings which passed upon the subject as aforesaid, which you can see if you wish.
And also they received and obeyed the priests whom their Highnesses sent to preach to them and to teach them our Holy Faith ; and all these, of their own free willwithout any reward or condition, have become Christians, and are so, and their Highnesses have joyfully and benignantly received them, and also have commanded them to be treated as their subjects and vassals ; and you too are held and obliged to do the same.
So, the Requerimiento emerged in the context of moral debates within Spanish elites over the colonization of the Americasand associated actions such as war, slavery'Indian reductions'conversionsrelocationsand war crimes.
But, if you do not do this, and maliciously make delay in it, I certify to you that, with the help of God, we shall powerfully enter into your country, and shall make war against you in all ways and manners that we can, and shall subject you to the yoke and obedience of the Church and of their Highnesses; we shall take you and your wives and your children, and shall make slaves of them, and as such shall sell and dispose of them as their Highnesses may command; and we shall take away your goods, and shall do you all the mischief and damage that we can, as to vassals who do not obey, and refuse to receive their lord, and resist and contradict him; and we protest that the deaths and losses which shall accrue from this are your fault, and not that of their Highnesses, or ours, nor of these cavaliers who come with us.
Sep 03, · Requirimiento, Inthe Requerimiento was put forth by the Spanish conquistadors toward indigenous people to state that they had all power over them and that the Bible was the proof behind their actions of doing so.
[Juan Lopez de Palacios Rubios], Requerimiento (). On the part of the King, Don Fernando, and of Dona Juana, his daughter, Queen of Castille and Leon, subduers of the barbarous nations, we their servants notify and make known to you, as best we can, that the Lord our God, Living and Eternal.
El Requerimiento by Juan López de Palacios Rubios () add to My Virginia. Share It El Requerimiento, meaning "the requirement, or demand," was drafted in by Juan López de Palacios Rubios, a member of the Council of Castile, which advised King Ferdinand.
The document was designed to. Requirimiento, Inthe Requerimiento was put forth by the Spanish conquistadors toward indigenous people to state that they had all power over them and that the Bible was the proof behind their actions of doing so.
Requerimiento () On the part of the King, Don Fernando, and of Doña Juana, his daughter, Queen of Castille and León, subduers of the barbarous nations, we their servants notify and make known to you, as best we can, that the Lord our God, Living and Eternal, created the Heaven and the Earth, and one man and one woman, of whom.
Jan 07, · The following document was written by Palacios Rubios in The Requirement or the requerimiento required Aboriginal people who heard it to surrender their lands and freedom to Spain, or face war and slavery. As it came to be used, the mere reading of the document -- in what would have been incomprehensible Spanish.Requirimiento 1514