After two years they were ready to return to Venice, but, finding the way home blocked by war, they traveled eastward to Bukhara now in Uzbekistan in Central Asiawhere they spent another three years. This was clearly beneficial. Sugar and tobacco might not have been helpful, but they were valued.
In the last years of the… The exploration of the Old World From the time of the earliest recorded history to the beginning of the 15th century, Western knowledge of the world widened from a river valley surrounded by mountains or desert the views of Babylonia and Egypt to a Mediterranean world with hinterlands extending from the Sahara to the Gobi Desert and from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean the view of Greece and Rome.
This time the Polos took a different route: They probably reached the coasts of Labrador and Newfoundland; some think that the farthest point south reached by the settlers, as described in the sagas, fits best with Maryland or Virginiabut others contend that the lands about the Gulf of St.
This page was last modified on. Finally, new territories gave European countries places to send criminals and outlets for excess population. Christopher Columbus found America and though it was China. Thus, with Ptolemy in one hand and Marco Polo in the other, the European explorers of the Age of Discovery set forth to try to reach Cathay and Cipango by new ways; Ptolemy promised that the way was short, and Marco Polo promised that the reward was great.
Because European were cut off from travel to the "Far East" by the conquering of large portions of North Africa, the Mediterranean, France, and Spain in the eighth century, explorers set off by sea to find new trade routes that Cause effect of european exploration allow them to trade with These could be from the explorers unit choose several obvious ones from above or from life situations.
The Norsemen may well have arrived piloted by Irish sailors; and Irish refugees from Icelandfleeing before the Norsemen, may have been the first discoverers of Greenland and Newfoundlandalthough this is mere surmise.
Herodotus prefaces his History written in the 5th century bce with a geographical description of the then known world: There are two kinds of causes of European exploration. As the coasts became well known, the seasonal character of the monsoonal winds was skillfully used; the southwest monsoon was long known as Hippalus, named for a sailor who was credited with being the first to sail with it direct from the Gulf of Aden to the coast of the Indian peninsula.
It is therefore not surprising that exploratory voyages early revealed the coastlines of the Indian Ocean. In the 13th century the political geography changed. When Columbus reported that his newly found lands had deposits of precious metals, finding mineral currency became an incentive for further exploration and conquests, especially for Spain.
The rapid colonization of the shores of the Mediterranean and of the Black Sea by Phoenicia and the Greek city-states in the 1st millennium bce must have been accompanied by the exploration of their hinterlands by countless unknown soldiers and traders.
Europeans of perspicacity saw the opportunities that friendship with the Mongol power might bring. In the Iberian Peninsula the impetus of the counteroffensive against the Moors carried the Portuguese to probe the West African coastline and the Spanish to attempt the expulsion of Islam from the western Mediterranean.
They suffered from loss of their lands and their ability to live their own cultures. Explorers who encountered new animals and plant life on their journeys were able to provide detailed descriptions of them, leading to later natural and scientific discoveries and inventions.
A water route to Asia had been found. While those involved were often driven by curiosity and a lust for fame, the European impetus to explore also had practical economic and religious motives: America got its name.
It later expanded again to include the far northern lands beyond the Baltic and another and dazzling civilization in the Far East the medieval view. A few travelers followed the Polos. Explorers have had a great impact on our life today.
He also reported that, along the roads, the great khan had caused trees to be planted, both to provide shade in summer and to mark the route in winter when the ground was covered with snow.
The exploration of the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and the China Sea Trade, across the land bridges and through the gulfs linking those parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe that lie between the Mediterranean and Arabian seas, was actively pursued from very early times. During the reign of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 1st century bce, Western traders reached Siam now ThailandCambodiaSumatraand Java ; a few also seem to have penetrated northward to the coast of China.
Two centuries later, about bce, Carthaginian power at the gate of the Mediterranean temporarily slackened as a result of squabbles with the Greek city of Syracuse on the island of Sicilyso Pytheasa Greek explorer of Massilia Marseillesailed through.
In the case of the North American Indians, they lost much of their population to wars. Alexander and his army crossed the mountains to the Indus valley and then made a westward march from the lower Indus to Susa through the desolate country along the southern edge of the Iranian plateau; Nearchushis admiral, in command of the naval forces of the expedition, waited for the favourable monsoon and then sailed from the mouth of the Indus to the mouth of the Euphrates, exploring the northern coast of the Persian Gulf on his way.
There are two kinds of causes of European exploration. First, exploration was caused by technological changes that made it more possible. These were largely changes in ship technology and.
Apr 24, · What were the cause and effect of the age of exploration? European Dominance Spread of Christianity What were the cause and effect of the age of exploration?
Am writing an essay on this tomorrow and I need some of the causes and effect of it. Thank lanos-clan.com: Resolved. Start studying Causes/Effects of European Exploration.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cause & Effect European Exploration Essay Throughout history, people have been curious about finding new land and exploring. Many different factors stirred interest in colonization and exploration for Europeans.
During the 15th and 17th centuries Europe was changing rapidly and. The reasons behind the so-called European "Age of Exploration" included scouting for trade routes, investigating foreign lands and acquiring wealth.
Many explorers were also looking for adventure, spurred on by tales of the earlier Viking expeditions to the New World.
European explorers hoped to find riches in distant countries and to discover a sea route to Asia. Search for spices (nutmeg, ginger, cloves, cinnamon, pepper, etc.) and luxury goods (silk, gold, silver, jewels, ivory, porcelains, tea, etc.) from Africa and the East.Cause effect of european exploration